The second trimester of your pregnancy is the time to think about taking maternity leave and deciding the place you'd want to give birth. Hopefully, by the time you reach this stage, all your troubling symptoms like nausea and morning sickness will be fading. You will start to feel healthier and energetic.
Here's a list to help you keep track of what will happen during your second trimester. You can tick off each point on the list, or use it as a guide. Do whatever feels fine to you.
The Second Trimester:
The second trimester of pregnancy occurs from week 13 to week 28, approximately the fourth, fifth and sixth months of your pregnancy. This is the time when you feel more relaxed and calm. Not only this, as you undergo the second trimester, you'll start to see your 'bump' growing and feel your baby moving inside you.
At this stage, your baby is 4 inches long. All his nerves, organs, and muscles start functioning. Your mood will lighten up. Despite that, regular exercise is a must at this time.
You'll probably feel elated, though, keep an eye out for transformations in your appearance. Your baby's nose, lips, and taste buds will start forming. Fine, soft hair will start growing on your baby's head.
Around this time you can even feel your baby's movements. You may feel your baby's grabbing and pulling the umbilical cord. The circulatory system and urinary tract of your baby will be fully working. He will be inhaling and exhaling amniotic fluid through his lungs.
By placing a stethoscope on your stomach, you'll be able to hear your baby's heartbeat. Your growing uterus has shifted. So, consider wearing low heeled shoes at this stage.
Your baby is fully active. He is now able to grip things. If you are expecting a baby girl, she might already have started developing eggs in her ovaries.
You have undergone halfway through your pregnancy! Your fetus will measure around 6 inches by this time. The skin of your baby is losing its translucent appearance and beginning to produce pigment, which will ascertain the skin tone of your child.
At this week, your baby will be swallowing, which is helpful in digestion. Additionally, you can join a good childbirth education class to help make your pregnancy smoother.
The fetus will weigh around 360 grams. Your baby now has fully grown eyebrow and eyelids. At this stage, your baby can hear everything. If you want, this is the perfect time to sing or read to your baby.
The baby has grown about 27 centimeters from crown to heel.
The baby is now able to hear properly. He can identify your voice. He can even hear your heartbeats as well as rumbles in your stomach. You might feel moody during this time. You may even have to deal with bleeding gums while brushing.
Your baby's brain is developing rapidly. And this is the time for you to deal with stretch marks. You may notice red or brown streaks on your abdomen and hips. Also, your eyes will get dry, use some mild eye drops.
By this week, the baby will become more responsive to touch. Get all your tests done as gestational diabetes is often occur during this period.
Your baby can respond to every sound he hears. Since your baby is growing rapidly, the development of his brain is also intense at this point. Thus, start eating healthy. Consume foods with more nutrients and vitamins.
You might be coming across a deluge of dietary advice ever since you have announced your pregnancy. You also may have heard the importance of vitamin K during pregnancy.
Well, if you have no clue and are curious to know the value of vitamin K, reading this post is a must.
Why is Vitamin K vital?
Vitamin K consists of a group of compounds like vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. The best source of vitamin K1 is green leafy vegetables. Usually, vitamin K is not consumed in the form of a dietary supplement but is necessary for various bodily functions. Besides improving blood clotting and providing help with preventing excessive bleeding, this vital vitamin is known to help treat conditions such as steroid-induced bone loss, osteoporosis, etc.
Vitamin K deficiency is uncommon among adults. However, individuals who suffer from severe malnourishment or digestive disorders such as celiac disease or Crohn's disease are more likely to face this deficiency. Added to this, intake of certain medications may also impede the reception of this vital nutrient.
The importance of Vitamin K during pregnancy:
During pregnancy, the thing that requires the utmost importance is to meet the nutritional requirements that can ensure a good health of the mother and proper development of the baby. Therefore, it is important to understand how much intake of vitamin K is essential during pregnancy and what are some of the simple ways to get more of it through daily diet.
In general, you are not required to increase the intake of vitamin K during pregnancy. And the requirements of it are the same for adult females who are pregnant and those who aren't.
Although your body requires 90 micrograms of vitamin K a day, excessive daily intake of this vitamin can prove to be harmful. It could cause blood to become too thin. Thus, an adequate intake of vitamin K becomes important during pregnancy, especially when you enter in your third trimester. Besides, it can help as an aid for healing, which can be helpful post birth and labor.
Additionally, low levels of vitamin K during pregnancy could cause the development of cholestasis. This condition is prone to affect women mostly during their third trimester. In a nutshell, it is a hormonally induced disruption of the discharge of bile in the gallbladder. The symptoms of cholestasis include fatigue, depression, loss of appetite, severe itching, dark urine, etc.
If you are suffering from cholestasis, boosting the intake of vitamin K becomes an absolute necessity.
Foods to eat:
Usually, sticking to a well-balanced diet is enough to fulfill the requirement of vitamin K, and possibly other minerals and vitamins, in your body. In addition, also consider increasing consumption of foods that contain vitamin K, some of them are:
Green leafy vegetables
If you are dealing with the deficiency of vitamin K, immediately seek medical advice. Also, consult your doctor before making any changes to your pregnancy diet plan.
Your first trimester begins on the first day of your last period. It lasts until the end of week 12. So, by the time you know you're going to become a mother, you might be already four to six weeks pregnant.
A lot of things happen during the first trimester. The fertilized egg separates into layers of cells and gets fixed on the wall of the womb. These layers further turn into an embryo, which is what we call a baby at this stage.
Let's see what your body goes through during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Week 1: Pregnancy starts from the first day of your last menstruation cycle, and then conception takes place in 2 weeks. So, even if you think that pregnancy lasts for 40 weeks, you carry your baby inside you for 38 weeks.
What to do: Take daily prenatal vitamins with minimum 400 micrograms of folic acid; this vital B vitamin has shown signs of preventing neural-tube defects, like Spina Bifida.
Say no to any unhealthy habits, such as drinking or smoking as this can put adverse effects on the development of your baby.
Week 2: Ovulation takes place. To increase the probability of getting pregnant, consider having sex one or two days before your expected ovulation date.
What to do: Keep your body moving. Experts say that you should exercise for at least 30 minutes on most days throughout pregnancy.
You can start looking for a midwife or obstetrician. Many of them will be already reserved.
Week 3: You might be pregnant at this time but won't have any significant symptoms yet.
What to do: Prefer taking no medications or prescriptions without consulting your doctor. Especially avoid products that contain vitamin A or its by-products, such as Accutane or Retin-A. However, there may be conditions that require ongoing treatments, such as asthma or diabetes. Thus, talk to your OB before discontinuing any necessary medications.
Week 4: At this stage, you may start to feel bloated, tired, crampy and moody. You may experience sore breasts, nausea/vomiting, and a frequent urge to pee. Don't worry even if you don't find any of these symptoms, that's normal.
What to do: Buy an extra supportive bra, especially if you find your breasts are expanding. Stay away from chemicals and secondhand smoke. Ask your spouse to manage the litterbox duties (cat feces contain parasites that can cause toxoplasmosis, an infection that damages the fetus).
Week 5: At week 5, the embryo grows only to a size of a grain of sand, most organs begin to develop, and baby's arm and leg buds start appearing. This situation is called "pregnancy brain."
What to do: Make an appointment to see your OB or midwife. Most caregivers prefer to see you for the first time between six to ten weeks.
Week 6: Now your pregnancy is getting more real, and you may worry about miscarriage.
What to do: Ensure that apart from extreme behaviors, like using drugs, there's nothing you attempt to cause a miscarriage. Some studies also link early pregnancy miscarriages to excessive consumption of caffeine daily, more than 300 milligrams a day. So to be safe, try limiting your caffeine intake.
Week 7: The embryo grows double in size but is still a half-inch long. As the hormones of your pregnancy develop, morning sickness may get worse, and you may starve 27/7.
What to do: To deal with nausea, try consuming small meals throughout the day, especially prefer ginger and citrus. Refrain from strong odors, and wear an acupressure wristband.
Try to keep your weight gain to a minimum during the first trimester. However, you can give in to cravings occasionally.
Week 8: Your doctor may try to find or listen to the baby's heartbeats with an ultrasound. You can even get the ultrasound imagery directly to your smartphone. Or convert your ultrasound DVD into a beautiful movie with the help of innovative services offered by BabyFlix.
What to do: Although your due date will sound very far away, start educating yourself about baby care now. You won't get much time for this after your baby arrives.
Week 9: Your growing uterus will put pressure on your bladder, which may cause leakage of urine in small amounts.
What to do: Exercise kegels: Squeeze your pelvic floor muscles as you're trying to stop the flow of urine. Keep doing this simple yet effective exercise a few times a day throughout pregnancy.
Kegels help strengthen your pelvic-floor muscles as well as provide aid with incontinence.
Week 10: At this week, you can call your inch-long baby a fetus. While the icky side effects of your pregnancy may start to reduce, you may get anxious about having a healthy baby.
What to do: If you happen to be a 35 older woman when you deliver, consider making an appointment to discuss diagnostic or gender testing, such as CVS (Chorionic villus sampling).
Week 11: You may develop cravings ranging from cheeseburgers to chalk. Such food cravings are known as pica, and they may indicate a deficiency in the diet.
This week, almost all the fetus's organs will begin to function- genitals begin to take the form of a male or female.
What to do: Consult your doctor if you are experiencing pica.
Week 12: Your uterus begins to grow outside of the protective pelvic bones. It will astonishingly increase in size at the end of your pregnancy by 1,000 times from what it was during the third week.
What to do: You have reached a point where you need to steer clear of any activities that can pose the risk of a fall or abdominal trauma. Also, refrain from exercises that require you to lie down on your back.
Week 13: Now that you have reached the end of your first trimester, you can eat for two- in small amounts. You also need to plan to gain about 12 pounds in the next 14 or so weeks.
What to do: You can shop for maternity clothes indeed. To sustain your baby's growth without gaining excessive weight, try to get extra 300 calories a day from foods rich in nutrients and vitamins.
If you are planning to become a mother - or if you already are- you might know some essential basics about how to take care of yourself and the baby. However, here is a list of some essential tips, from taking right vitamins to outline a birth plan, for a safe and healthy pregnancy.
Take Prenatal Vitamins:
Even during conception, it's a smart decision to take prenatal vitamins. It' because, your baby's neural cord, that turns into the brain and spinal cord, generally develops within the first trimester. Thus, it becomes necessary for you to get essential vitamins, like calcium, folic acid, and iron, from the very beginning.
These essential vitamins are available over the counter at almost every drug store. If they make you feel queasy, try taking them at night or consume with a light snack. Chewing gum or sucking on hard candy afterward can be of much help as well.
For every mom-to-be, it is a must to stay active. Regular exercise helps you control your weight, improve blood circulation, and light up your mood along with help you sleep better.
For pregnant women, pilates, swimming, yoga, and walking are some of the physical activities they can adapt to during pregnancy.
Outline a Birth Plan:
Write down your wishes and give a copy to everyone associated with your pregnancy. According to the American Pregnancy Association, following are the things you should consider while making a birth plan:
- Who you want present during birth, including siblings of the baby.
- What positions you want for labor and delivery.
- Clothes you would like to wear during birth.
- What to do if any complications take place
- Want an epidural during labor pain.
Embrace Yourself with Some Useful Information:
Even if this isn't your first pregnancy, joining a childbirth class can help you for a better, healthy pregnancy. Not only will it give you a chance to learn more thoroughly about childbirth and infant care, but you can raise your concerns as well.
Kegels are known for strengthening the pelvic floor muscles, which provide support to your bladder, bowels, and uterus.
If done correctly, Kegels can help make your pregnancy easy along with preventing problems with incontinence.
The best part of this exercise is that nobody can tell if you are doing it. You can practice Kegels in your car. You can practice it while sitting at your desk or even when standing in a queue at the grocery store.
Squeeze as though you're trying to stop the flow of urine when you use the bathroom. Hold your pelvic floor muscles for three seconds, then relax for three seconds, repeat 10 times- that's why Kegels is said to be one of the easiest and effective exercises of all.
Keep track of your weight gain:
You know you are eating for two. However, putting on extra weight may make it harder for you to lose it later. At the same time, not gaining substantial weight can put your baby at a risk of low-weight birth, one of the probable causes of development problems.
Recently, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) issued new guidelines for weight gain during pregnancy. Let's see what the IOM recommends, depending on a woman's BMI (body mass index) before pregnancy:
- Underweight: Gain 28-40 pounds
- Normal weight: Gain 25-35 pounds
- Overweight: Gain 15-25 pounds
- Obese: Gain 11-20 pounds
Consult your doctor frequently to make sure you're gaining your weight at a considerable rate.
Increase Intake of Folate-rich foods:
Folic is a B-vitamin. It is crucial for the proper development of a baby's neural tube. It helps prevent NTDs (neural tube defects). And, it's an essential vitamin for the creation of red blood cells as well.
Even before you know you're pregnant, it's a wise choice to eat Folate-rich foods such as fortified cereal, lentils, wheat germ, asparagus, oranges, and orange juice.
A study of more than 12,000 children was conducted in 2007. Researchers found in the study that children whose mother had eaten most fish during pregnancy had better I.Qs, motor and communication skills, than those whose mother did not eat much fish.
Scientists say the reason behind this is high levels of Omega 3s in fish. Omega 3s is a vital nutrient for brain development.
Though, make sure you don't eat too much fish. Some kinds of fish contain mercury, which can be harmful to both babies and adults.
FDA recommends that pregnant women should not consume more than 12 ounces of fish a week.
Stick to preserved light tuna, salmon, shrimp, catfish, or pollack. At the same time, avoid shark, swordfish, tilefish, and king mackerel, they contain high levels of mercury.
Say yes to cravings-sometimes:
Nobody knows why cravings happen. Some experts think that this is the nature's way of providing expectant women with essential nutrients they may be lacking.
Regardless, as long as you are on a healthy diet, it's usually fine to give in to your cravings. However, remember to limit portions- don't down all the ice cream at once! Know which snacks to steer clear of. Avoid foods: raw and undercooked meat and eggs; feta, brie and other types of unpasteurized cheese; herbal teas; and raw sprouts.
Know when to consult your doctor:
Being a pregnant woman can be quite confusing, especially if this is your first pregnancy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, consult your doctor if you have any of these following symptoms:
- Vaginal bleeding or leakage of fluid
-Any kind of pain
-Contractions at 20-minutes interval
-Dizziness or fainting
-Problem while breathing
-Edema (swelling of joints)
Pregnancy isn't just walking with a ball-like belly, it also the time to cherish and make good memories. Acquaint yourself with some useful information and get through the hard times of pregnancy! Take help of the mentioned tips in the article, and make your pregnancy a unique experience.
Are you impatient about bringing your newborn baby home? Take a few moments away from your to-do lists and worries and focus on what really matters. He or she is more incredible than you can even imagine. Your newborn baby has so much surprising facts in store for you.
So, understand your baby even better with these amazing baby facts.
1) Newborns learn to talk in the womb
It's true that your baby begins to hear your voice and other sounds from about 23 weeks of pregnancy. So, he may not say his first word until he's one year old, but he's learning how to talk right from the start.
The more words he listens to now, the better his language skills will be afterward. Thus, it's never too early to start reading to your baby.
2) Born with the ability to swim
Newborn babies are born with the skill of holding their breath when underwater, and they can splash about with their arms and legs.
You can take your baby to swim as soon you like, but wait until your six-week check-up passes. It's important to make sure that you heal well before going in the pool.
3) Birthmarks are prevalent in newborns
Surprisingly, one in every 3 infants is born with a birthmark. The most common type is a stork mark, also known as an angel kiss or salmon patch.
You can notice a pale pink patch on your baby's neck or face, which might appear red when he cries. This type of marking usually disappears within six months.
4) Have a short-sighted vision
Tots can only see clearly about 8-12 inches (20cm to 30cm) in front of their eyes. Everything else is an indistinct shape of light, shape, and movement.
When your baby is one month or two months old, he can focus on things you move in front of his eyes. Further, by the end of your fourth trimester, he'll be able to recognize close-up colors and shapes more clearly.
5) Take birth with more bones than adults
Babies are born with about 300 bones. As they grow, some of those get harder, and some of them fuse together.
For instance, the skull forms as three pieces of bone put together by cartilage, to fit through the birth canal.
6) Don't know how to breastfeed
Newborn babies need to learn to breastfeed same as you need to learn how to help them latch on. Initially, this makes breastfeeding tricky and uncomfortable, but it doesn't remain a problem later on.
7) Have Stomach size as tiny as a hazelnut
This is why newborn babies are required to feed more often than usual. They have a very little space in their tummies to absorb all the milk they require at once. Even small air bubbles take up space in their tummy, which is why you may need to burp your baby during and after breastfeeding. However, by the end of the first week, it will reach the size of an apricot.
8) Newborns quickly lose weight
You may wonder that your baby is not getting enough breast milk if he loses some weight in the first few days.
In fact, in the initial days after your baby has arrived, it's normal for him to drop between 5% to 10% of his body weight. Most infants regain their birth weight by the time they get two weeks older.
9) Your baby can smell your scent
Your baby knows how you smell even before he is born. He loves your own natural scent while growing. This can help to calm and soothe him when he is not well. So, resist using strong-smelling toiletries in the early weeks after birth.
10) Boys’ and girls’ are born with different brains
It’s a matter of debate that exactly how different their brains are, and what effect it puts on their development.
Researches highlight that the brain of a newborn boy grows faster than a newborn girl’s brain in the initial three months, specifically in parts that control movement. On the other hand, girls are born with sensitive senses, which means that they have a better vision and hearing abilities than boys.
Ideally, until about 27 weeks, you are required to drink about 1.5 liters of fluids a day. That is roughly eight standard 200ml glasses. However, in the third trimester, you should be drinking slightly more than this to give support to your baby’s development and growth. You should also increase your fluid intake if you’re feeling quite active, or if the weather is hot.
Drinking water isn’t the only way to keep yourself hydrated during pregnancy, some of your daily fluid intakes can come from other drinks as well.
Simple and Effective Ways to Stay Hydrated during Pregnancy
Milk is a great source of calcium, iodine, and vitamin B5. These are some extremely essential vitamins for you and your growing baby.
Fruit juices are a plethora of vitamins and minerals, which are great for your growing baby. Though, bear in mind that fruit juices can be quite acidic, and contain a high level of sugar. Consequently, excessive consumption of fruit juices can damage your teeth. So, consider diluting them with water.
It will be beneficial to avoid so-called “juice drink.” They often contain little in the way of vitamins, and lots of sugar.
Dairy-smoothies are the best recipes to get all the goodness of milk and fruit in one glass. Additionally, vegetable-based smoothies are another way to get more vitamins and minerals, as they generally contain a low level of sugar and calories in comparison to drinks, based purely on fruit.
If you’re dealing with morning sickness, or perhaps hate drinking water because of the taste, you may not be able to complete your daily intake of fluids. Therefore, consider adding wedges of lime or lemon, cubes of lemon, slices of cucumber, or a few leaves of mint to a bottle of water for a refreshing change. You could also try sparkling water.
For pregnant women, ginger drinks help fight with morning sickness. Take small sips of ginger tea or ginger ale when you’re feeling nauseous. You can even prepare your own ginger tea by peeling and grating ginger root and soaking it in hot water.
Other effective ways to increase your daily fluid intake is to eat more foods that contain lots of water, such as salads, soups, fruits, and yogurts.
Though, you may need to avoid intake of following drinks as they aren’t as good for you and your baby:
Moderate intake of sugar-free and low-sugar sodas are fine, but they don’t make a great source of nutrients that your baby needs, and often are packed with sweeteners. Do check fizzy drinks labels and see if they contain any caffeine before taking them. Altogether, stay clear from energy drinks. They contain very high levels of caffeine, and may also have other stimulants.
They don’t have the same vital vitamins as juices do, and contain high levels of sugar.
Tea and Coffee:
It’s advised for pregnant women to not have more than 200mg of caffeine a day. That is about two cups of tea, two cups of instant coffee, or one cup of brewed coffee. In addition to this, take into account that chocolate also contains caffeine.
There’s no harm in drinking fruit and herbal teas during pregnancy, but only in moderation. Try not to have more than a cup or two a day, and don’t drink the same tea all the time.
Experts say that you should avoid consuming alcohol; altogether during pregnancy. It’s particularly necessary to avoid alcohol during the first trimester, it’s the time when alcohol increases the risk of miscarriage. Alcohol doesn’t count toward your daily intake of fluid, moreover, it actually dehydrates you.
If you face trouble staying hydrated, try and get in the habit of having a water bottle with you everywhere you go.
If you make it your priority to stay adequately hydrated over the next nine months, it can help you set your baby up for a healthy life outside the womb.
Pregnancy is the time when women should be extra cautious about everything they do. From a healthy diet to daily mundane activities, everything affects the growth and development of a baby. So, we have compiled a list of things you should completely avoid doing during pregnancy and add them to your ‘not-to-do’ list.
1) Foods to avoid
During pregnancy, avoid consumption of:
Deli meat: Deli meat can be contaminated with Listeria, a bacteria that can get into the placenta and infect your developing baby. Further, an infected uterus can lead to blood poisoning and severely harm your baby.
Raw meat and shellfish: Avoid consuming uncooked seafood, including mussels, oysters, and clams. Also, resist eating rare and undercooked beef and poultry as these foods can be contaminated with salmonella and toxoplasmosis.
Raw eggs: Raw eggs pose a risk of salmonella. Thus, be wary of Hollandaise sauces, homemade Caesar dressings, and mayonnaise.
Soft Cheese: Steer clear from some imported soft cheese such as Roquefort, feta, Gorgonzola, Camembert, and Brie, as they can have Listeria. Avoid Mexican cheese such as queso fresco and queso blanco, unless they’re prepared from pasteurized milk.
Unpasteurized Dairy: These products may also contain Listeria.
Fish with high levels of mercury: This includes shark, king mackerel, tilefish, and swordfish.
You may find this list long and extensive, but there are plenty of healthy nutrition choices available. Try including following in your daily diet plan:
lots of fresh vegetables and fruits
2) Resist consumption of caffeine in excess
It is a diuretic and a stimulant, which means drinking a few cups of coffee every day can increase your blood pressure, heart rate, and the number of trips to the restroom.
While you may function fine while being caffeinated, your growing baby doesn’t. It’s because your baby’s metabolism is still in a developing state.
Though, you don’t have to forego caffeine completely: Moderate levels of caffeine, defined as 150 to 300 milligrams a day, should be okay. Just remember that caffeine isn’t only found in coffee and tea, you can find it in sodas, chocolate, and even in certain over-the-counter medicines.
3) Avoid certain medications
There are medications that can cause harm to your growing baby. So, before taking any over-the-counter medications and supplements, consult your doctor.
4) Avoid wearing stilettos
During pregnancy, stick to heels with a 3-inch heel or less. Consider kitten heels, wedges, and platforms. As your belly grows, your center of gravity changes, and you may find yourself a little unsteady while standing on your feet.
5) No hot tub or sauna
When you feel pain and aches during pregnancy, letting your body hang loose in a hot tub may seem ideal. But an upraised body temperature during the first trimester may lead your pregnancy to certain birth defects. Resist taking a hot tub bath, which usually has a water temperature around 104°F. Instead, you can try taking a warm bath.
6) Don’t change the cat litter
Even if you must, wear gloves and wash your hands well afterwards. Cat feces can transmit toxoplasmosis, a rare parasitic disease.
7) Don’t try secondhand smoke:
If you are smoking during pregnancy, it can get terrible for you and your baby. In addition to this, you must know that second smoke can be equally harmful. It’s because second-hand smoke roughly contains 4,000 chemicals, and some of them have been associated with cancer.
Exposure to second-hand smoke during pregnancy can lead you to:
low birth weight
learning or behavioral issues as the baby grows
sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
8) Don’t stay in the same position for too long:
Staying in the same position during pregnancy, whether seated or standing, can be problematic. It can cause certain health issues like swollen ankles and vein problems. Thus, try taking short breaks often.
Remember that you won’t stay pregnant forever. Hang in there, and understand that all of these off-limits foods and activities will soon be available to you as you become a mother. Though, you can choose what right activities you want to carry after pregnancy.
Hospitals use emergency codes to let their staff know about when an emergency situation is taking place. The primary concept behind having these codes is to eliminate fear, but also to notify about any kind of threat to those who are trained and assigned to handle such situations.
If you hear an emergency code in a hospital, step aside and let the hospital staff do their work. Nevertheless, it won’t hurt to know what’s going on in that situation rather than feeling dumbfounded.
Here is a list consisting of 10 hospital emergency codes that you must be aware of.
1) Code Omega
A “Code Omega” is a code that mainly applies to the obstetrics department. This is a hospital wing where pregnant women come for checkup and babies are born. The code is known to address a peripartum woman who has undergone excessive blood-loss. Peripartum refers to a fancy word for a woman who is either in the middle of a birth or just has finished giving birth.
Simply, the code notifies a critical situation caused due to excessive blood loss during birth. This is one of the most leading causes of maternal deaths worldwide as well.
When you hear this code and you are in the obstetrics department (hopefully visiting and not the one delivering a baby) of a hospital, you may notice the hospital staff bursting through the doors along with IV blood bags to help the patient sustain adequate blood supply.
2) Code 33
Similar to “Code Omega,” “Code 33” occurs when there is a need to signify a critical obstetric situation. This code may include medical conditions same as code omega but might not be limited to excessive blood loss. Obstetric emergencies also include fetal distress, such as sharp changes in heartbeats or blood pressure, deficiency of oxygen in the mother or baby, and more. A “Code 33” may result in a hurried emergency c-section.
3) Code OB
Another code that is similar to a “Code 33” but is reserved for situations that are more serious. A “Code OB” is announced when a diverse team is urgently required to respond to a life-threatening situation involving a pregnant woman, such as when the fetus is at a substantial risk of not making it out alive or doesn’t have a heartbeat after taking birth. Basically, the use of this code means bringing together a team of experts to resuscitate a newly born baby.
4) Code Pink
A “Code Pink” is called upon only in the NICU and indicates a newborn with cardiac threats. In other words, it is called when a premature baby is born, whose heart stops beating or has a problem sustaining a normal sinus rhythm.
This is probably one of the most horrifying codes, especially if it relates to your little baby. Although it is a nightmare for a mother to hear this code, it is important to understand that these codes are called upon for the hospital staff to assemble in a way to potentially save lives.
5) Code Red
This is one of those other codes that are used internationally. A “Code Red” indicates that there is a fire somewhere in the hospital. The calling of this code will generally be followed by the location of the fire, such as a room number, floor number, wing or unit type.
However, it doesn’t mean they will be evacuating the entire hospital as there could be a relatively small fire that can be extinguished easily.
6) Code White
A “Code White” is used to alert hospital staff if there is a violent person in the premise. This will also be followed by a floor number, room number, or unit. A “Code White” can be used for anyone. It can be used for a patient who has gone violent as well as for a hospital visitor.
7) Code Black
You would not want to hear a “Code Black,” particularly in a hospital setting. A “Code Black” indicates a bomb threat and is used to alert hospital staff to perform whatever bomb threat protocols they have in place. This may include evacuation of the entire hospital, depending on the nature and severity of the bomb threat.
8) Code Purple
A “Code Purple” is a code that you may never want to hear in a hospital. It indicates that any one person has taken another person hostage with the help of some sort of weapon. In addition to this, it necessarily doesn’t have to be done with the use of a standardized weapon like a gun, but with a needle or sharp medical instrument routinely found in a hospital.
If you hear “code purple” is being called, sit tight and wait for the proper instructions.
9) Code Sepsis
A “Code Sepsis” is specifically called when there is a patient experiencing sepsis or entering into sepsis shock. Sepsis refers to a condition in which foreign invaders like bacteria, virus or fungus get into the bloodstream and cause a severe, life-threatening infection to the patient.
This infection mainly damages the body’s immune system by causing inflammation in the body. This further affects the heart rate, white blood cells count, body temperature, and respiratory function.
You would not want to hear this code in the obstetrics wing because sepsis can be extremely dangerous for mothers and babies.
10) Code Clear
This is the best code you could hear in a hospital. “Code Clear” means the threats accompanied by whatever code that has been recently called has cleared. It means the situation warranted by a code is no longer harmful.
However, in most cases this would mean a good sign, a “Code Clear“ doesn’t always mean the doctors and nurses were successful at resolving the reasons for the code. In other words, it may indicate that the patient has passed away, but it also says that the signs are back to normal and the patient has been stabilized.
Whether you are an expectant woman or planning to be one, intake of right, vital vitamins can help ensure you birth of a healthy baby. What's more, one of the necessary vitamins for you and your baby is folic acid. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), up to 70% of all neural tube defects (NTDs); birth defects of the brain and spine, can be prevented if women in their childbearing age to start taking folic acid daily.
This essential vitamin is a member of the B-vitamin family. It takes place naturally in foods as folates. It is also available in a synthetic form in vitamin pills. Foods that contain folate include green leafy vegetable, orange juice, and beans. Fortified breakfast, vitamins, and enriched grain products consist the synthetic form of folic acid. As a matter of fact, the synthetic form is absorbed more easily by the body than the natural form of it.
Why is Folic Acid Vital?
While researchers haven’t reached to a conclusion why folic acid helps fight birth defects, it has been shown to help decrease the risk of the most common NTDs; spina bifida, and anencephaly. The leading cause of childhood paralysis in babies is spina bifida and anencephaly is a fatal condition in which an infant takes birth with a severely underdeveloped brain and skull.
Not only does it help curb these NTDs, but it can also help prevent your baby from developing a cleft lip, heart defect, or cleft palate. In addition to this, pregnant women need folic acid to help maintain a rapid growth of the fetus and placenta.
A study found that women with folic acid deficiencies were two to three times more likely to give birth to a premature baby or a baby with low birth weight than those who got ample amount of the vitamin.
The CDC, the March of Dimes, and the Institute of Medicine recommend all women to consume at least 400 micrograms of the synthetic form of folic acid daily. Pregnant women must consume 600 micrograms of it, either from a multivitamin or prenatal vitamin. Consuming a fortified breakfast cereal that contains 400 micrograms of folic acid is another easy way.
Foods, rich in folate include:
Leafy green vegetables
Fruits and fruit juices
Foods that are fortified with folic acids can be easily absorbed by the body than natural folates. Foods that are labeled “enriched” (having 140 micrograms of folic acid per 100 grams of grain) include:
If you already have given birth to a baby with an NTD, consult your doctor about how much amount of folic acid you need to take prior to your next pregnancy. Studies reveal that consuming a larger dose (4 milligrams) at least one month before pregnancy and during the first trimester help reduce the risk of going through another affected pregnancy by about 70 percent.